Alabama Department of Labor

Labor Market Information Division
SOC: 39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance
Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.
Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
OJT: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Tasks: Confer with stage or motion picture officials and performers in order to determine desired effects. Duplicate work precisely in order to replicate characters' appearances on a daily basis. Establish budgets, and work within budgetary limits. Apply makeup to enhance, and/or alter the appearance of people appearing in productions such as movies. Alter or maintain makeup during productions as necessary to compensate for lighting changes or to achieve continuity of effect. Select desired makeup shades from stock, or mix oil, grease, and coloring in order to achieve specific color effects. Cleanse and tone the skin in order to prepare it for makeup application. Assess performers' skin-type in order to ensure that make-up will not cause break-outs or skin irritations. Analyze a script, noting events that affect each character's appearance, so that plans can be made for each scene. Requisition or acquire needed materials for special effects, including wigs, beards, and special cosmetics. Write makeup sheets and take photos in order to document specific looks and the products that were used to achieve the looks. Examine sketches, photographs, and plaster models in order to obtain desired character image depiction. Attach prostheses to performers and apply makeup in order to create special features or effects such as scars, aging, or illness. Evaluate environmental characteristics such as venue size and lighting plans in order to determine makeup requirements. Design rubber or plastic prostheses that can be used to change performers' appearances. Create character drawings or models, based upon independent research, in order to augment period production files. Advise hairdressers on the hairstyles required for character parts. Study production information, such as character descriptions, period settings, and situations in order to determine makeup requirements. Provide performers with makeup removal assistance after performances have been completed. Wash and reset wigs. Demonstrate products to clients, and provide instruction in makeup application.
License: License not required.
Outlook: No Change
Alabama Employment Outlook
Comprehensive wage data available: Alabama Occupational Wage Survey
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Occupational Videos
39-5091.00 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance