Analyze and interpret patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses. Diagnose or treat acute health care problems such as illnesses, infections, or injuries. Recommend diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy. Prescribe medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized. Educate patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances. Prescribe medication dosages, routes, and frequencies based on patient characteristics such as age and gender. Order, perform, or interpret the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays). Maintain complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses. Recommend interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks. Develop treatment plans based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines. Detect and respond to adverse drug reactions, with special attention to vulnerable populations such as infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, or older adults.