Examine children regularly to assess their growth and development. Treat children who have minor illnesses, acute and chronic health problems, and growth and development concerns. Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results. Prescribe or administer treatment, therapy, medication, vaccination, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury in infants and children. Examine patients or order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests to obtain information on medical condition and determine diagnosis. Advise patients, parents or guardians, and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention. Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients and parents or guardians. Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary. Plan and execute medical care programs to aid in the mental and physical growth and development of children and adolescents. Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff. Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary. Provide consulting services to other physicians.