Hold public meetings with government officials, social scientists, lawyers, developers, the public, or special interest groups to formulate, develop, or address issues regarding land use or community plans. Design, promote, or administer government plans or policies affecting land use, zoning, public utilities, community facilities, housing, or transportation. Advise planning officials on project feasibility, cost-effectiveness, regulatory conformance, or possible alternatives. Recommend approval, denial, or conditional approval of proposals. Discuss with planning officials the purpose of land use projects, such as transportation, conservation, residential, commercial, industrial, or community use. Conduct field investigations, surveys, impact studies, or other research to compile and analyze data on economic, social, regulatory, or physical factors affecting land use. Determine the effects of regulatory limitations on land use projects. Advocate for sustainability to community groups, government agencies, the general public, or special interest groups. Mediate community disputes or assist in developing alternative plans or recommendations for programs or projects. Keep informed about economic or legal issues involved in zoning codes, building codes, or environmental regulations. Assess the feasibility of land use proposals and identify necessary changes. Supervise or coordinate the work of urban planning technicians or technologists. Identify opportunities or develop plans for sustainability projects or programs to improve energy efficiency, minimize pollution or waste, or restore natural systems.