Treat internal disorders, such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and problems of the lung, brain, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract. Prescribe or administer medication, therapy, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury. Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients. Manage and treat common health problems, such as infections, influenza and pneumonia, as well as serious, chronic, and complex illnesses, in adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Analyze records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient. Provide and manage long-term, comprehensive medical care, including diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases, for adult patients in an office or hospital. Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results. Make diagnoses when different illnesses occur together or in situations where the diagnosis may be obscure. Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary. Advise patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention. Immunize patients to protect them from preventable diseases. Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary. Advise surgeon of a patient's risk status and recommend appropriate intervention to minimize risk. Provide consulting services to other doctors caring for patients with special or difficult problems. Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff. Prepare government or organizational reports on birth, death, and disease statistics, workforce evaluations, or the medical status of individuals.